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# Understanding the concepts on Degrees of Freedom

Question 1: A five-storey structure with 5 translational DOF is shown here. Each storey has mass ‘m’. The eigenvalue problem has been solved and the 5 periods of vibration Tn and their corresponding mode shapes, φn has been derived. The fundamental period of vibration (T1 = 2 seconds) and its associated…

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Read more Projects by Ram Prasad (33)

Structural Modelling using Etabs 2018

Objective:

Q: The architectural drawings for a G+7 residential building in zone 5 has been provided. The floor plan is the same for all 7 floor levels. Possible column positions have also been provided. Conceptualize a framing plan layout and then model the building in Etabs. The following architectural drawings have been provided:…

23 Mar 2023 05:06 AM IST

• ETABS

Analysis & Design of RCC shear walls in the model using ETABS

Objective:

The etabs file for a G+6 building is provided. Run the analysis and design the RCC shear walls (show in the etabs model). The following challenge deals specifically with the shear wall of size 300x1500 at grid A-11 in the structural model. Aim: Extract values of longitudinal steel ratio, boundary element length and shear…

20 Feb 2023 06:42 AM IST

Reinforcement detailing of Columns from ETABS output

Objective:

Reinforcement detailing of columns in Etabs 2018. The ETABS file for a G+4 building is provided. Run the analysis and design the RCC Moment Resisting Frame. The following challenge deals specifically with two columns at the following grid intersections. 3A 3B Provide details of longitudinal reinforcement for the two columns,…

11 Feb 2023 06:14 AM IST

Reinforcement Detailing of Beams from ETABS output

Objective:

Challenge 7 – Detailed design of concrete buildings -1 Detail design of beams in Etabs 2018. The ETABS file for a G+4 building is provided. Run the analysis and design the RCC Moment Resisting Frame. The following challenge deals specifically with two continuous beams on the 1st floor.        …

07 Feb 2023 12:12 PM IST

Project 1_Comparative study of different storey buildings for Seismic forces

Objective:

PROJECT Comparative study of different story buildings for seismic forces Aim: To model and analyze multiple buildings with different floor levels and design parameters using ETABS software and compare the results to understand their overall seismic behavior.   Introduction: A building's structural geometry plays…

28 Jan 2023 11:07 AM IST

Modelling of 25 storey building with the specified properties using ETABS

Objective:

Challenge 6 – ETABS modelling of a 25-storey building Model a 25-storey building on ETABS with structural properties as specified below. Ground floor or plinth floor level can be taken at a height of 1.5 meters from the base. Each of the successive 25 storey has a storey height of 3 meters. Structural Element Sizes …

23 Jan 2023 11:15 AM IST

Conceptual design of a building with columns and shear walls

Objective:

Question 1: The building shown, 20 × 35 m in plan, has columns on a 5 × 5 m grid and shear walls (with dimensions shown in m, 250 mm in thickness) in three alternative arrangements, (a), (b), (c), all with the same total cross-sectional area of the shear walls. Compare the three alternatives, considering the…

08 Jan 2023 11:57 AM IST

Concept on positioning of Columns

Objective:

Question 1: Comment on the layout of the framing plan concerning earthquake resistance in the two horizontal directions X or Y (dots are columns, lines depict beams). Look into aspects of symmetry, redundancy and bi-directional stiffness and ductility. Ans: Symmetry- It is observed that the mass and stiffness distributions…

04 Jan 2023 03:46 AM IST

Understanding the concepts on Degrees of Freedom

Objective:

Question 1: A five-storey structure with 5 translational DOF is shown here. Each storey has mass ‘m’. The eigenvalue problem has been solved and the 5 periods of vibration Tn and their corresponding mode shapes, φn has been derived. The fundamental period of vibration (T1 = 2 seconds) and its associated…

26 Dec 2022 08:57 AM IST

Structural dynamics

Objective:

Differentiate Static analysis and Dynamic analysis with proper representing pictures. Ans: The type of analysis that has to be performed is chosen by determining the nature of the loading. There are two types of loads: Statics loads, which are the type of loads which vary with respect to time very slowly. Dynamic loads…

22 Dec 2022 11:55 AM IST

Identification of Cracks

Objective:

Question 1: What is the mode of failure or damage of the beams in the figure above? Are the damages repairable? Elaborate Ans: a)  In this picture we observe that, concrete get damage/ broken and reinforcement are visible at the bottom of beam. The concrete spalled beyond the reinforcement that is indicates the segregation.…

28 Nov 2022 10:33 AM IST

Usage of Navigation tool , Timeliner and Clash Detection test using Naviswork

Objective:

1.ans.:) Aim:- Exporting the Revit architecture and structure model to Navisworks Cache file following the export settings. Tools used:- Revit, Projects, Export option, file menu, 3D view etc. Navisworks is Used primarily in construction industries to complement 3D design packages (such as Autodesk…

26 Nov 2022 02:40 AM IST

Creating Conceptual mass in REVIT and Creation of Sinusoidal curve and a Parametric stadium using Dynamo

Objective:

Q1) 1) Using Dynamo create a set of sinusoidal points and create a curve and create a surface out of the curve. AIM : 1) Using Dynamo create a set of sinusoidal points and create a curve and create a surface out of the curve. PROCEDURE: open Revit, go to manage tab and select dynamo, we get an interface as shown below…

22 Nov 2022 07:31 AM IST

Creating Conceptual mass in REVIT and Creation of Sinusoidal curve and a Parametric stadium using Dynamo

Objective:

Q1) 1) Using Dynamo create a set of sinusoidal points and create a curve and create a surface out of the curve. AIM : 1) Using Dynamo create a set of sinusoidal points and create a curve and create a surface out of the curve. PROCEDURE: open Revit, go to manage tab and select dynamo, we get an interface as shown below…

20 Nov 2022 02:07 AM IST

Creating Architectural and Structural model with 3D rendering using REVIT

Objective:

1) Select the type of structure you want to build from one of the three below:         a. Multi-Unit Residential Apartment         b. Office Buildings         c. School Ans: I am going to build a model of Multi-Unit Residential Apartment. 2) Assume reasonable…

03 Nov 2022 06:54 AM IST

Creating Levels, Grids, Layout and model elements for a residential unit using REVIT

Objective:

1) What is BIM? Summarize the features of BIM and benefits of using BIM over 2D CAD tools. A) Building Information Modeling(BIM):- BIM is an acronym for Building Information Modeling or Building Information Management. It is a highly collaborative process that allows architects, engineers, real estate developers,…

18 Oct 2022 08:36 AM IST

3D Creation of Celing, Roof, Architectural plan, Structural plan, Sectional view, Elevation view and Camera specific view for a house plan using REVIT

Objective:

1) Based on the project saved from Week 3, proceed from the First Floor Level. Model a Ceiling from the architecture tab above the walls at the first-floor level.     AIM:- To model a Ceiling from the architecture tab above the walls at the first-floor level.     INTRODUCTION:- The creation of Ceilings within Revit is…

18 Oct 2022 06:01 AM IST

Introduction to REVIT concepts

Objective:

From the file menu, create a new project (Structural / Architectural / Construction template) and name the project appropriately. Aim:  To Create a new project and name the project appropriately Introduction: Revit is an Autodesk product and is a building information modeling software for architects, landscape…

02 Sep 2022 06:11 AM IST

Creating 3D Isometric view of various structural elements in AutoCAD

Objective:

1. Aim: To draw the 3D Isometric View of the building as shown in the figure Introduction:   A plan view of wall of two elevation views of windows on both sides are given and they are to be converted into a 3D model. 2 window openings on both sides are given with details regarding the frame dimensions, mullion…

09 Aug 2022 10:36 AM IST

Creating various 3D Models like Furniture, Footing, Girder, Column drop with panel and Gable Wall in AutoCad

Objective:

AIM: To create 3D model and view of: Furniture element Isolated footing AASTHO type girder Drop column with panel A wall Commands used: Extrude. Offset. UCS. Box. Union. Subtract. Move. 3d orbit. Loft. Sweep. Cone. Region. Boundary. PROCEDURE:  Open the AutoCAD, click on workspace switching and change it to 3d…

04 Aug 2022 06:56 AM IST

Creation of Multiple viewports, Scaling the drawing and setting in Template in AutoCad

Objective:

AIM: To create layout of plan and section, creating viewports, editing attributes and taking a plot. To create a kitchen layout in A4 sheet and take a plot To create Multiview ports for industrial section drawing, scaling it and taking a plot. COMMANDS USED: View Layout. Multiple View. Model Space. Paper Space. Scale.…

01 Aug 2022 12:07 PM IST

Creating Kitchen layout, Hatching of Architectural elements and sectional view of an Industrial Building in AutoCad

Objective:

Aim: To Create the Kitchen Layout and to Also, use proper dimension techniques to dimension the kitchen layout. Also, insert text wherever required. All dimensions are in mm. Procedure: step 1: units are set to mm limits and limax are also set zoom command is also used Steps for drawing Below Counter Plan Open Auto…

28 Jul 2022 10:55 AM IST

Creating Bar Bending schedule, Different Door types, and Creation of standard drawing templates using AutoCad

Objective:

Aim: To create: Template, inserting text and attributes Doors of warehouse and placing it in blocks Electrical legend and making it blocks Different types of door for residential project Drawing bars, making it as block and making it as a table as bar bending schedule. Commands used: Block. Insert. Attributes. Field. Rectangle.…

16 Jul 2022 12:53 PM IST

Project 1 _Creating an Architectural plan for the provided plot size and develop relevant basic structural drawings

Objective:

Aim:  Design and Draft a layout of a residential building with the following details:             a. Plot Size: 60’x20’ (18.3m x6m)  Orientation- Facing East  Develop the following: 1. Architectural Drawing (Floor Plan, Elevations, and…

11 Jul 2022 09:00 AM IST

Creating a Layout, Section and Elevation with dimensions using AutoCad

Objective:

AIM- TO DRAW PLAN ELEVATION AND SECTION OF THE HOUSE IN AUTO CAD. INTRODUCTION- Commands used for drawing the plans and drawings below are as follows Line: Draw lines in AutoCAD Polygon: Draws polygons with three or more sides Rectangle: Used to draw rectangles Circle: Command used to draw circles Ellipse: Used to draw…

02 Jul 2022 10:51 AM IST

Creating a Wardrobe detailed drawing, Floor Plan, Kitchen Layout and Column Detail using AutoCad

Objective:

1) AIM: To Draw the elevation and details of a wardrobe as shown in the Figure below. After sketching and to provide the dimensions and text with the use of layers. PROCEDURE: STEP 1: Units are set to mm Limits and lim-max are also set Zoom command is also used STEP 2: In the command line type rec>2800, 2600…

27 Jun 2022 06:16 AM IST

Creation of Column Schedule and Drawing Template using AutoCad

Objective:

AIM: To Create a column schedule as shown in the figure. COMMAND USED: Limits Zoom Xline Line Circle (c) command DO (Donut) Command X (Explode) Command Dim linear DT command ED command MT Command Unit command LW command Extend command Trim command STEP-WISE PROCEDURE: Step - 1 Start with line command (L) Unit and Grid…

19 Jun 2022 03:58 AM IST

Creating a Residence Layout, Seating plan, Toilet and Utility room plan using AutoCad

Objective:

Aim: Creating a Residence Layout, Seating plan, Toilet and Utility room plan using AutoCAD. Challenge 1: Sketch the layout of a residence as shown in the Figure. Consider all dimensions as reference to sketch the unit plan. Also, the text in the layout are only for reference. Assume the missing dimensions. Also, refer…

12 Jun 2022 06:26 AM IST

Drafting of various geometries using Chamfer, Fillet tool in AutoCad

Objective:

Aim: Drafting various geometries using Chamfer, Fillet tool in AutoCAD. Introduction: Chamfer- Bevels or chamfers the edges of two 2D objects or the adjacent faces of a 3D solid. A bevel or chamfer is an angled line that meets the endpoints of two straight 2D objects. a sloped transition between two surfaces or adjacent…

29 May 2022 07:26 AM IST

Creating a Floor plan, Footing detail and Isometric view using AutoCad

Objective:

Aim: To draw a Line diagram of the floor plan of a two-bedroom building. Introduction: Line plan: In this drawing, the position and size of internal rooms are given. Such a drawing is prepared with a single line. The thickness of the walls is not shown in it. Such drawing is prepared by some architect. Then the remaining…

27 May 2022 07:51 AM IST

Creation of geometries by Coordinate system methods using AutoCad

Objective:

Aim:  - To create the geometrical shapes P1 & P2 using all coordinate system methods using line tool, also finding the missing dimensions by analyzing the sample drawings. Civil-related problems- To draw the profile and trusses using any of the four coordinate system methods. Introduction: There are two coordinate…

23 May 2022 04:29 PM IST

Sketch a G+1 residential plan according to Vaastu Shastra and Calculation of Loads as per IS code

Objective:

Aim: Sketch a G+1 floor residential plan, according to Vaastu Shastra, and list down the names of the structural drawings required to be provided to the site for construction.   Introduction:  Vaastu Shastra is the ancient Indian science of architecture and acts as a guideline to design your home in the way that…

17 May 2022 12:54 PM IST

Project on Concrete Mix Design for various grades of Concrete

Objective:

AIM: To determine the mix design for M35 concrete with fly ash and for M50 without fly ash   Part 1- Calculation of proportions of mix design for M35 with fly ash Grade designation: M35 Type of cement: OPC 53 grade conforming IS 12269 Type of mineral admixture: Fly ash conforming to IS 3812 (Part-1) Maximum nominal…

22 Mar 2022 11:50 AM IST

Showing 1 of 33 projects