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03 Mar 2023

# What is Engineering Mechanics and its Uses?

Skill-Lync

Have you ever wanted to learn more about engineering mechanics? Have you been curious about how engineers use their skills and knowledge to build the structures we use in our everyday lives? This article will explore the fascinating engineering mechanics world and unlock this powerful field's secrets.

## What is Engineering Mechanics?

Engineering mechanics is the application of physics, which deals with designing and analysing mechanical systems. It is a branch of engineering that combines the principles of physics and mathematics to solve problems in mechanics. The goal of engineering mechanics is to understand and predict the behaviour of these systems under various loading conditions.

It is used in various fields, including aerospace engineering, biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering. It plays an important role in designing and analysing many mechanical systems, such as aircraft, automobiles, bridges, buildings, machinery, pipelines, ships, satellites, and spacecraft.

There are three main branches of engineering mechanics:

• Statics
• Dynamics
• Strength of Materials (SOM)

Statics is the study of forces and their effects on bodies at rest. Dynamics is the study of how forces affect bodies in motion. The strength of materials is the study of how materials respond to applied forces.

Engineers use principles from all three branches to design safe and efficient structures and machines. For example, statics can be used to determine the loads a structure must support without collapsing. Dynamics can be used to analyse how those loads will cause the structure to move or deform over time. And the strength of materials can be used to select strong enough materials to support the loads without failing.

## Basic Concepts and Principles of Engineering Mechanics

The basic concepts and principles of engineering mechanics are essential for analysing and designing any mechanical system. These concepts and principles include the following:

Force: A force is a vector quantity representing an interaction between two objects. Forces can be either attractive or repulsive, and they can be either conservative or non-conservative.

Energy: Energy is the ability to do work. It comes in various forms, such as kinetic energy (the energy of motion), potential energy (the energy stored in a system), and thermal energy (the energy associated with heat).

Momentum: Momentum is the product of mass and velocity. It is a vector quantity representing an object's tendency to continue moving in a straight line.

Stress: Stress measures the internal forces acting on a body. It is a scalar quantity that has units of force per unit area.

Strain: Strain measures how much a body changes shape when stressed. It is a scalar quantity that has units of length per unit length.

Deformation: It is defined as a material's change in shape or size in response to an applied force.

Stress is the cause, strain is the effect, and deformation is the result. When a material is subject to an external force, it experiences stress. This stress causes the material to deform (change shape or size). The amount of deformation that occurs is known as strain.

So how do engineers use these concepts? Let's say you're designing a bridge. To ensure your bridge can support the weight of the cars and trucks crossing it, you need to calculate the stresses exerted on the materials (bridge deck, supports, etc.). Once you know the stresses, you can determine how much strain each material can withstand before it fails (deforms too much). This information allows you to design a safe and reliable bridge.

## Strength of Materials and Its Applications

The strength of materials is the science that deals with the behaviour of solid objects subjected to various types of forces. The applications of this science are numerous and diverse, ranging from designing bridges and buildings to analysing aircraft structures and biomedical implants.

It is a critical component of engineering mechanics. Engineers use this information to determine the loads a structure can safely support and the stresses and strains induced in the materials under those loads. This information is essential for the design of safe and efficient structures and systems by Engineers.

There are three primary methods for analysing the strength of materials:

• Analytical
• Experimental
• Numerical

Analytical methods involve mathematical modelling of the material behaviour, while experimental methods involve physically testing material samples. Numerical methods use computers to simulate the behaviour of materials under various loading conditions.

No matter which method or combination of methods is used, understanding the strength of materials is essential for unlocking the secrets of engineering mechanics.

## Finite Element Analysis

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is a numerical method for solving problems in engineering mechanics. The basic idea behind FEA is to approximate the complicated behaviour of a real-world object or system by breaking it down into simpler elements that can be analysed using mathematical methods.

FEA is used to predict the behaviour of structures and mechanical components under various loading conditions, such as those experienced in an earthquake or during an impact event. It can also be used to optimise the design of a component or structure to ensure that it meets specific performance targets.

While FEA has been around for several decades, its use has exploded recently due to computer hardware and software advances. Today, FEA is an essential tool for engineers in various industries, from aerospace to automotive.

## Control System Design

As an engineer, one of the most important skills you can develop is the ability to design effective control systems. Control systems manage and automate complex processes, and their design requires a deep understanding of mathematics and physics.

Computer-Aided Design, or CAD, is a technology that has revolutionised the engineering and manufacturing industries. By allowing engineers and designers to create virtual models of products, CAD has made it possible to prototype and test new designs rapidly. CAD software is also widely used to create assembly instructions and blueprints for manufactured products.

CAD has become an essential tool for engineers and manufacturers. It allows for the quick and easy creation of models and prototypes, saving time and money in the development process. CAD is also useful for creating blueprints and instructions for manufactured products.

## Conclusion

Skill-Lync is an online platform that provides courses on various domains, including mechanical, electrical, civil, and biomedical engineering. The platform provides various resources, including video lectures, tutorials, and articles. We offer courses on CAD design, Ansys Workbench, the PG program in CAE, CATIA V5 etc. In addition, the platform provides a community of engineers who can provide guidance and support as you learn more about this field. Sign-up to upskill your knowledge!

Author

Author

Skill-Lync

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