Today, the transformation of vehicles is of most considerable importance, among other parts of a motor vehicle. The industry has been feeling the need for better drivability, higher power output, and lower emission and fuel consumption for a long time.
Considering this, the dynamic simulatory model of a powertrain vehicle is a stepping stone towards accomplishing this goal. Conventional and hybrid vehicles have been a member of the manufacturing industry for a long time. Plug-in hybrid and fully electric vehicles have been introduced to give a new experience to the person sitting behind the wheel.
The main components of a motor vehicle, which convert the engine-generated power to movement, are called a powertrain. More simplistically, it is a train that delivers torque or power to the propellor or wheels of the vehicle.
The engine, torque converter or flywheel, transmission, driveshafts, suspension, and wheels are all parts of a powertrain. The computerized system that uses these parts is known as a Powertrain Control System.
Electric vehicles eliminate the need for an engine and consequently rely entirely upon electric motors for propulsion. However, most Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) employ an Electric Machine (EM) and an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) for their operation.
The first Electrical Vehicle was made by a Scottish inventor, Robert Anderson, in 1890. It was a very primitive design as it operated on a non-rechargeable battery, but it gives you a rough idea about how old this concept is. In the early 1900s, American inventors gave the idea of EVs a shot too. Practical Electric Vehicles were created, although they still lacked range. Hybrids were also created during this period to solve numerous issues with the EV.
The Indian Automotive Market is observing megatrends that are disrupting the entire industry at a level nobody could have imagined. Electric and driverless vehicles are in demand now, and technologies like Electric Powertrain Control systems are fueling it.
The government also wants to push EVs by adopting the FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Scheme) Scheme. Concessions have been provided for EVs and HEVs in the GST, which allows the manufacturer to pay only 5%-12%, where other car manufacturers pay up to 28% GST on the same.
In light of climate change and global warming threats, the government has issued regulations on vehicle emissions to keep greenhouse gases in check. The stringent laws and oncoming pressure from governments and consumers alike have made EVs and HEVs an inevitable way of the future.
The latest battery technology and innovations like autonomous cars have added more usability and practicality to EVs and HEVs. The commendation for such a disruption in the industry goes to not one, but many agents.
The whole automotive industry has undergone an explosion of electronic systems in some or the other way. Mechanical systems have been replaced with Mechatronic systems, which better monitor and regulate the performance of the vehicle. Electrical systems are rapidly being replaced by electronic systems, given that they are way more accurate and precise.
Thus, a person looking for employability in the industry needs to have a diverse set of skills, which include a multi-disciplinary approach towards various curriculum.
Below are some points which a person wishing to undertake EV development needs to keep in mind:
Electric Powertrain Control System vehicles aim to eradicate the conventional methods of transport. With the oncoming of such technology, renewable resources will be utilized to their maximum potential.
Conventional resources might be used less frequently, following a pollution-free environment. With greater control and accuracy, it will also be able to save precious human lives.
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