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04 Jan 2023

# How To Carry Out A Symmetry Operation?

Skill-Lync

A symmetry operation transforms an object that leaves it looking the same after processing it. For instance, rotation, reflection, and inversion are all symmetry operations since they involve changes to an object's spatial configuration. These symmetry operations are carried out in relation to symmetry components (for example, a point, line or plane). A symmetry operation in the context of molecular symmetry is an atom permutation that transforms a molecule or crystal into a state that is identical to the initial state.

From a design engineering perspective, this article will help us understand the operation with the help of an inner extract part of the hood model.

## Steps Involved in Symmetry Operation

Step 1:

- Import the Hood model

- We can see that, except for the latch top surface, all remaining surfaces are perfectly symmetrical.

Step 2:

- Delete the one half of the part that is symmetrical.

Q: Why do we delete one-half of the symmetrical surface?

When you perform a symmetry operation in ANSA on a meshed part, it tries to reflect the CAD surface along with the mesh to the other side. So if the other half is not deleted, you can find a duplicated CAD surface on the other side of the geometry after reflection.

Step 3:

## 1. Where can we find the symmetry tool?

Function Name: Transform [COPY]

Summary: This function is used to Translate, Rotate, Transform, Scale, Symmetry or Mirror selected entities (Faces, Points, Elements etc). The selected entities are copied into the new position.

- Go to the Transform tab, which is present on the right side of the Quality criteria tab.

- Then click Copy

Step 4:

- Selecting Copy will take you to the following dialog box.

- Go for Entities selection mode and select the whole model surface except the top surface of the latch portion. It's recommended to hide the latch top surface before making the selection.

Step 5:

- On a middle click confirmation, you can see a dialog box popping up from which you need to select the Symmetry tab.

- Under the Symmetry tab, you can find various modes to carry out the symmetry operation.

Case 1: Mirror 3 points plane

Step 6:

- Here I will be proceeding with the Mirror 3 points plane method.

- You can see the following dialog where you have to fill in the respective coordinate values.

- Place the cursor on X1 and select the node from the bottom location from the model as shown.

- Place cursor on X2 and select the node from the middle location from the model as shown.

- Place the cursor on X3 and select the node from the top location of the model as shown.

- After selecting the three points, you can see the dialog box as shown below.

Step 7:

- Click Apply, and you can see another dialog box pops-up. Click OK.

- Now, you can see the CAD surface's reflection and mesh on the geometry.

Step 8:

- Click Finish finally if the symmetry operation is performed correctly.

Case 2: Default symmetry plane

We’ll also look at the Default symmetry plane option available under the symmetry tab.

NB: All the steps until Step 6 remain the same here as well.

Step 9: Select the default symmetry plane

Step 10: Then select Apply, and you can see another dialog box popping up. Click OK.

- Now you can see the reflection of the CAD surface as well as mesh on the geometry.

If you need to reflect a part with respect to the global axis, you can go with the “Default symmetry plane”. If you want to specify the plane with which you need to reflect the part, proceed with the “mirror 3 points plane” option.

Finally, you will see the top surface of the latch part is left with free edges as we have hidden it.

- These free edges (Red Cons) can be converted to Double Con (Yellow Cons) by carrying out a Faces > Topo operation.

- The mesh in the latch top surface and the nearby surface will get deleted when you do a Topo operation in the area.

These areas need to be meshed eventually in order to finish the job.

Author

Author

Skill-Lync

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