Design of Bridge Foundations using STAAD.Pro

A 3 month course that will equip you with all the skills necessary for designing bridge foundations, accompanied by projects which allow you to apply all the academic learning practically

  • Domain : CIVIL
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A Quick Overview

Ensuring the safety of the structural systems is one of the primary objectives of a structural engineer. This can be achieved by proper designing and analysis of structural elements which eventually provide a better way for the efficient transfer of loads. When it comes to bridges, the role of foundations is pivotal as they are responsible for transferring the load from all other components to the ground. This course is exclusively structured to cover the design of different types of bridge foundations. 

Design of Bridge Foundations will give you deep insights into the selection of bridge foundations, different loads acting on the foundation, geotechnical parameters to be considered, analysis, design and detailing of foundations. This course will equip you with all the skills necessary for designing bridge foundations, accompanied by projects which allow you to apply all the academic learning practically. 


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COURSE SYLLABUS

1Introduction to Bridges & Foundations

The first week is an introduction to the course where you will be exposed to all the basic fundamental concepts of bridges and bridge foundations. This includes the types, components, loads acting on bridges, etc. 

Here, you will learn about 

  • Bridges 
    • Introduction 
    • Types 
    • Factors determining location 
    • Components 
  • Foundations 
    • Types 
    • Load 
    • Design & Failure 
    • Construction

2Shallow Foundations

Foundations can be classified into shallow and deep foundations based on their depth to breadth ratio. The selection of a particular type of foundation is determined by the factors, load to be transferred and other related parameters. The second week of the course deals with shallow foundations.  

The topics that will be covered include: 

  • Shallow foundation parameters 
  • Subsurface exploration 
  • Types of shallow foundation  
  • Loads & stability 
  • Design parameters 
  • Construction parameters 

3Site Parameters

The third week of the course discusses the various parameters that influence and determine the choice of selection of the foundation type. It includes the capacity of soil in the location of construction, strength of the material used for construction, presence of nearby water bodies, etc. 

This week covers topics like 

  • Material strength 
  • Hydrology studies & scouring 
  • Liquefaction 
  • Shear failure 
  • Bearing capacity 
  • Factor of safety 

4Design of Open Foundation in Abutment

Abutments are the substructural elements located at the ends of the bridges. Being an element of the substructure, it transfers the load from the superstructure to the foundation ensuring the stability of the system. This week of the course covers the design of open foundation in abutments. 

Here, you will learn 

  • Design parameters 
  • Points to be considered
  • Check for designing beam slab 
  • Fixing of size - Base slab 
  • Loads to be considered 
  • Load & material 
  • Design methodology 
  • Design checks for base slab
  • Design of steel in the foundation

5Design of Open Foundation in Pier

Piers are the substructural elements located at regular intervals throughout a bridge. They support the bridge across its entire length and transfer the loads onto the foundation. This week of the course covers the design of open foundations in the location of piers. 

Here, you will learn 

  • Design Parameters 
  • Points to be considered 
  • Checks for Base Slab 
  • Loads to be considered 
  • Load & Material 
  • Design Methodology 
  • Design Checks for Base Slab 
  • Detailing of Steel in Foundation

6Design of Raft Foundations

Raft foundation/mat foundation is a type of shallow foundation. It consists of a slab of uniform thickness laid over the entire footprint of the structure and this ensures even transfer of loads. Raft foundation is usually preferred in locations where the soil is weak. 

This week covers the topics like: 

  • Types of Box Structures 
  • Points to consider 
  • Checks for Designing Base Slab 
  • Fixing of Base Slab Size 
  • Loads to be considered 
  • Load & Material 
  • Modelling & Analysis 
  • Design Checks 
  • Detailing of Steel in Foundation

7Deep Foundations

If the depth of the foundation is greater than its breadth, then it is said to be a deep foundation. Deep foundations are usually preferred over shallow foundations for various reasons. Those aspects, types and other parameters of deep foundations will be discussed this week. 

Here, you will learn about 

  • Types of Deep Foundations 
  • Pile Foundations 
    • Types 
    • Parameters 
    • Construction Methodology 
  • Well Foundations 
    • Types 
    • Parameters 
  • Failures in Deep Foundations 
  • Construction Parameters

8Components of Deep Foundations

The eighth week of the course also deals with deep foundations. Here, you will learn about the different types of components in different types of deep foundations. 

The topics that will be covered include 

  • Components of Pile Foundations 
  • Components of Well Foundations

9Site Parameters in Deep Foundations

As we know, the selection of a particular type of foundation is determined by various site factors. The ninth week of the course will give you an overview of all such site parameters concerning deep foundations. 

Here, you will learn about 

  • Subsurface exploration 
  • Site Factors 
  • Affecting Parameters

10Stability Checks in Deep Foundations

Stability is one of the primary requirements of a structure. A structural engineer should perform different stability checks to ensure the design is safe. This week deals with different stability checks of deep foundations. 

The topics of this week include 

  • Characteristics of Piles 
  • Steps for Design & Installation
  • Consideration & Precautions for Piles 
  • Characteristics of Wells 

11Design of Pile Foundation

Pile foundation is a type of deep foundation with long, slender and deep columns. They are usually preferred for large structures and in regions where the soil is not of sufficient strength to resist loads. This week deals with the design of pile foundations. 

This week covers 

  • Design Parameters 
  • Points to be considered 
  • Design checks 
  • Pile Foundations
  • Loads to be considered 
  • Loads & Material 
  • Design Methodology

12Design of Well Foundations

The last week of the course deals with the design of another type of deep foundations called the well foundations. Well foundations are of large diameters. They are mostly preferred for bridges across rivers and employed below the water level. 

Here, you will learn 

  • Design Parameters 
  • Points to be considered 
  • Design Checks 
  • Loads to be considered 
  • Load & Material 
  • Design Methodology 
  • Design Checks for Base Slab 
  • Well Cap 
  • Detailing of Steel in Foundation


Projects Overview

Project 1

Highlights

Design raft foundation of a box bridge having dimensions “12” m span and “5.5”m height. (considering 1 m width) in stadd pro.

And having safe bearing capacity of 80 kn/m2.

Fill on top 1.5 meters including wearing coat.

Size also to be fixed as per design. (optimise the size)

Use haunch (200*200 mm )

M35 concrete and Fe500 steel.

  1. Calculate the loads to be applied on the box as per IRC 6
  2. Live load analysis and effective width calculation for 70 r and class A to be done.
  3. Make Load combinations as per IRC 6 for ULS,SLS rare and quasi.
  4. Do checks for ULS,SLS rare and quasi and present a hand calculation.
  5. Also calculate the anchorage length of the bars and minimise the bars wherever you can.
  6. Draw rebars to the scale and therefore calculate the kg/cumec of the base slab.

Soil density = 18 kn/m3 to be used.

Project 2

Highlights

Design pile foundation of a RCC Beam bridge having dimensions “15” m span and “5” m height at abutment and width = 12 meters.

And having vertical capacity as 300 tonnes and horizontal capacity as 40 tonnes per pile. Also Design the pile cap and its reinforcement

Size also to be fixed as per design.
M35 concrete and Fe500 steel.
Scour at abutment 4 meters.
Soil density=20 kn/m3 k=0.33 (active)

             1) Calculate the loads to be applied on the abutment as per IRC 6
             2) Live load analysis and effective width calculation for 70 r and class A to be done to calculate the reactions on the abutment.

                    a) 1000 mm slab can be assumed for 15 m span (For self weight reactions)

             3) Make Load combinations as per IRC 6 for ULS,SLS rare and quasi.
             4) Do checks for ULS,SLS rare and quasi and present a hand calculation.
             5) Also calculate the anchorage length of the bars and minimise the bars wherever you can.
             6) Draw rebars to the scale and therefore calculate the kg/cumec of the pile and pile cap.


WHO IS THIS COURSE FOR ?


  • Civil engineering students and working professionals and people associated with bridge engineering.

SOFTWARE COVERED

STAAD.Pro & MS excel

STAAD.Pro is a structural analysis and design software which is widely used to analyze and design structures for bridges, towers, buildings, transportation, industrial and utility structures.
It can make use of various forms of analysis from the traditional static analysis to more recent analysis methods like p-delta analysis, geometric non-linear analysis.

Microsoft Excel is a helpful and powerful program for data analysis and documentation. It is a spreadsheet program, which contains a number of columns and rows, where each intersection of a column and a row is a “cell.” Each cell contains one point of data or one piece of information.


COURSE FEE

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Total Course Fee is Rs. 30,000.
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Frequently Asked Questions

1Who can take your course?

Civil engineering students and working professionals and people associated with bridge engineering.

2What is included in your course?

Introduction to types of bridge foundations, selection of foundation type and design of shallow and deep bridge foundations.

3What will the student gain from your course?

Students will understand foundation selection, forces acting on the foundation, geotechnical parameters to be considered, analysis, design and detailing of foundation. 

4What software skills are you teaching and how well are these tools used in the industry?

STAAD.Pro and development of excel sheet for basic formula based calculations. These are widely used in the industry.

5What is the real world application for the tools and techniques will you teach in this course?

A bridge design engineer is typically required to design all the components of a bridge. This course will provide the necessary skills to design the bridge foundations.

6Which companies use these techniques and for what?

This course provides the skills to apply the academic learning to practical bridge foundation design typically carried out by major infrastructure design consultants.

7How is your course going to help me in my path to MS or PhD?

This course provides the skills to apply the academic learning to practical bridge foundation design typically carried out by major infrastructure design consultants.

8How is this course going to help me get a job?

With an infrastructure boom across the world, design consultants and contractors are looking for candidates who could be groomed into a designer’s role with minimal effort and supervision. This course bridges the gap between the academic learning and job requirements thus providing a niche for the student to be productive from day one at the job.


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Certification

  • Top 5% of the class will get a merit certificate
  • Course completion certificates will be provided to all students
  • Build a professional portfolio
  • Automatically link your technical projects
  • E-verified profile that can be shared on LinkedIn

Flexible Course Fees

Choose the plan that’s right for you

Basic

2 Months Access

$92.89

Per month for 3 months

  • Access Duration : 2 Months
  • Mode of Delivery : Online
  • Project Portfolio : Available
  • Certification : Available
  • Email Support : Available
  • Forum Support : Available
Premium

Lifetime Access

$199.05

Per month for 3 months

  • Access Duration : Lifetime
  • Mode of Delivery : Online
  • Project Portfolio : Available
  • Certification : Available
  • Individual Video Support : 12/ Month
  • Group Video Support : 12/ Month
  • Email Support : Available
  • Forum Support : Available
  • Telephone Support : Available
  • Dedicated Support Engineer : Available

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