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27 Jun 2023

# Co-ordinate vs Position Tolerance

Skill-Lync

Are you thinking that Basic Dimension (coordinate tolerance) is sufficient to determine the position ?.If we apply position tolerance what are the changes ? Let's find out.

Consider a square block with four holes, as shown in the figure below.

Let's consider the basic dimension.

We can form a square tolerance zone of length 0.1 and breath of 0.1.

The part will be approved only if the center of the holes lies within the square tolerance zone. If the part measurement is outside the square tolerance zone, either the part is rejected or submit a deviation to the designer to see if this is functionally acceptable. The part created out of tolerance will cost time and money.

The first step is to determine the function of the part and what is the goal when locating these holes.?Assume that the part is fixed with a bolt to a slot with the dimension. We want to make sure that the center of the hole is not too far from the target. Bolts are round, and the holes are round. Why should the tolerance zone be limited to squares?

If we use position tolerance with a diameter symbol, we will get a 56% larger tolerance zone by providing the same function.

Repeatable measurement using coordinate tolerance.

To find out the center of the hole, we can use CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine) for accurate measurement. We would need to touch off the left surface and measure the hole to determine the center of the part. Then we will repeat the procedure for the y dimension from the bottom. Next, we will repeat this for all four holes to see whether the center location matches the tolerance.

We can see that the left edge is imperfect. This will lead to a wide range of measurements that will not truly reflect how the part functions. By this method, we will not get repeatable measurements that mimic the function.

Repeatable measurement using position tolerance?

The position allows you to pinpoint a functional location for your hole center in space using datum. Then specify a tolerance around that true position.

We Will use a datum feature simulator to simulate part datums and control the part with functional intent.

One of the strengths of GD&T is creating repeatable measurements that mimic the function of the part. By applying the position tolerance, we save time and money. Now we can ensure that the bolts will always assemble and function on the part.

Author

Author

Skill-Lync

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