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Electrical

Uploaded on

18 Oct 2022

Best Electric Vehicle Projects by Skill-Lync Students

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Skill-Lync

Since 2022, the EV sector has been growing at a whopping 23.1% CAGR. According to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, the EV industry in India is expected to create ten million direct jobs by 2030. Being a part of the growing industry would be an ideal option for any graduate to pursue a lucrative career. 

To become an EV engineer, you must possess the right skill sets and should have proven work experience. Working on some electric vehicle research projects will help you understand the basic concepts and give you an edge over your peers. 

Skill-Lync, a pioneer in helping engineering graduates land their dream job, provides students with the opportunity to work on industry projects. Here are some Skill-Lync Projects in Electric Vehicles carried out by our students. 

 

Measuring the distance of an object using an ultrasonic sensor

The CBS News report estimates that 1 in 5 car accidents occur in the parking lot. It may be a head-on, rear-end, or T-bone crash. Since these occur in the parking lot, the vehicle's speed is low, and possibly the passengers remain safe. But in some circumstances, they could be fatal. Studies say parking accidents are mostly due to drivers' distractions caused by using mobile phones. In a parking lot, pedestrians move freely, and the driver has to remain alert even about their blind spots. 

 

Measuring the distance of an object using an ultrasonic sensor

Source - (from students' report)

 

Our student Prasanth R has designed a system using the ultrasonic sensor that could be deployed in an Electric Vehicle. The ultrasonic sensor is used to detect objects in blind spots. A blind spot is an area in close proximity to the vehicle where the driver has low or zero visibility. The ultrasonic sensor works similarly to bats. Like bats, the ultrasonic sensor transmits ultra-frequency waves and measures the distance of the obstacle from the vehicle. These sensors can accurately detect objects and don't require any lighting. When the object is very close, it could signal the driver to become alert. Thus, it assists drivers in moving safely in a parking lot. 

Click here to read his project report.

 

Design of an Electric Vehicle

Design of an Electric Vehicle

Source - from student's project report

 

Our student, Laasya Priya Nidamarty, worked on an electric vehicle research project and developed a Simulink model of an EV vehicle pursuing a course at Skill-Lync. Nidamarty conducted a detailed study about modern Electric Vehicles. Though the functionalities and basic principles are similar for an ICE vehicle and an EV, a conventional vehicle cannot be transformed into an electric vehicle. Drawbacks such as heavy weight, low flexibility, and performance degradation have led to the development of a new design for EVs.

An electric vehicle has various subsystems and components. To create a Simulink model, Nidamarty studied different components and their functionalities and achieved the most simplistic model of an EV. The model deployed a DC motor with a simple power generator block incorporating H-bridge.

Click here to read her project report.

 

Designing an EV Powertrain

Designing an EV Powertrain

Our student Maruthi Prasad Cheruvu worked on an industrial project while doing his course at Skill-Lync. As part of his course, he did a detailed study about the e-powertrain. He specifically studied the BLDC (Brushless DC motor) motor and found the heat generation in the BLDC motor is less, and the IM power factor is less than 85%. Based on his research, he concluded that BLDC motors are likely to power plug-ins and EVs.

Click here to read his project report.

 

Thermal Modeling of Battery Pack

Thermal Modeling of Battery Pack

Source

 

The major safety concern that strikes our mind about EVs is the batteries. India has witnessed the explosion of electric vehicle batteries and some design failures. The battery explosion is due to the thermal runaway that happens in the battery. Thermal runaway is the battery's state in which heat is generated within itself. It occurs when the heat generated in the battery exceeds the heat dissipated to the surroundings. For this reason, the thermal modeling of the battery pack is essential for EVs.

Our student Akshat Rajkumar Mathur successfully modeled and simulated ten cells in a series lithium-ion battery pack. He chose a lithium-ion battery for his work because it is the one that is widely used in many electric vehicles. In his battery pack model, the heat flow remained constant, and the minimum temperature was 309 k.

Click here to read his project report.

 

Mechanical design of battery pack

Mechanical design of battery pack

Source

Proper sealing of the battery pack with suitable materials is needed to avoid leaking and disastrous reactions within the battery. Our student Elango Van successfully developed the mechanical design of a battery pack. He performed many calculations to determine the volume, battery cell energy density, number of strings, number of cells, etc. He used seven major components, including nickel strips, cell holders, and PVC heat sink film. He used 2200 cells for his battery pack.

Click here to read Elango Van's project report.

 

Simulating Vehicle Dynamics for designing an Electric Vehicle from a Conventional Vehicle

 designing an Electric Vehicle from a Conventional Vehicle

Source

Our student Mudit Verma has successfully designed an EV from a conventional vehicle. He chose a sports car 16MY Jaguar F-type and replaced the engine with a motor, and calculated vehicle dynamics.

 He did a detailed study to understand the market standards for electric vehicles and came up with a solution to meet them. He calculated the different forces acting on the vehicle, power requirements, traction, speed, energy consumption, and gradability factor. He designed an appropriate Electric Vehicle model from a conventional vehicle with an engine with the results obtained.

Click here to read his project report.

 

Electric Rickshaw modeling

Electric Rickshaw modeling

As a part of the EV revolution, many e-rickshaws are rolling out on the roads. In India, there are over one million electric rickshaws in use, and the sale of electric three-wheelers was up by 75%. Our student Anupam created a detailed MATLAB model of an electric rickshaw. She designed her model using a PM brushed motor (Permanent Magnet) to drive the rear wheels. She analyzed the SOC of the battery and found that it raised from 96.2% to 96.5% with regenerative braking. After analyzing the result, she concluded using a BLDC motor can increase efficiency, and an actual PID controller can be used rather than a PWM generator block.

Click here to read her project report.

 

Losses In An Electric Vehicle Vs. IC Engine Vehicle

Losses In An Electric Vehicle Vs. IC Engine Vehicle

Source

Electric vehicles are gaining more and more traction today, and their sales are also increasing. The sale of electric two-wheeler has picked up by 425% and four-wheelers to 230%. But is it wise for users to adopt EVs over conventional vehicles? To know about it, our student Prakash Shakti did a detailed study about the losses in electric and IC engine vehicles and compared their results. He considered electric drive loss, charging loss, and accessory loss for an EV. For an IC engine vehicle, he considered engine loss, drive train loss, idle loss, and accessory loss. 

He discovered that EV losses were up to 38%, whereas in a conventional vehicle, it was up to 88%. The regenerative braking in the EV is an added advantage and increased efficiency by 17%. So he concluded that the overall efficiency of an electric vehicle is 79%, but in an IC engine vehicle, it was only 12%. His result tells that EVs are much more efficient than conventional vehicles.

Click here to read his project report.

 

Final Words

The EV industry in India is set to grow by leaps and bounds in the following years. The government is carrying out multiple EV projects in India to develop infrastructure and provide subsidies to promote its usage. It is the right time to align your skills and knowledge with the job demands in the EV industry.

We at Skill-Lync provide you with the opportunity, resources, and skills to carry out industry projects. Working on projects and challenging your skills is the best way to get hands-on experience. Join Skill-Lync today and enroll in our courses for electric vehicles to explore more electric vehicle projects for engineering students.


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