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Electrical

Uploaded on

17 Aug 2022

What is a Hybrid Car? Benefits, Types, Working Explained

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what is hybrid electric car

In a hybrid car, regenerative braking is how the system gets energy back. Because it has two ways to work, it uses less gas.

The mode of operation can be changed and shifted while the car is moving, switching between a gas engine and an electric motor. It can sometimes use both to make the car run better.

A hybrid car's battery pack has two types of batteries: a regular 12-volt battery pack and a high-voltage battery pack. When a vehicle slows down, kinetic energy is usually turned into heat. On the other hand, a hybrid four-wheeler uses regenerative braking to shift the energy lost when slowing down into electricity that can be used to charge the battery pack.

 

How Does a Hybrid Car Work?

Here's a quick look at the top 5 parts of a hybrid car that will help you understand how it works:

 

1. Getting Out of the Stop - Electric Motor 

At first, the car moves with the help of an electric motor, which gets power from the hybrid battery.

 

2. Just Going Along - Gas Engine 

Both the electric motor and the gas engine can work together or independently when the car is moving fast.

 

3. A Lot of Speed up - Fuel 

The petrol engine gives the car power when it is going fast and accelerating quickly.

 

4. Stopping and Slowing Down - Battery Packs & Brakes 

When a car slows down and stops, its kinetic energy is turned into electric power, used to charge the battery pack. When the brakes are used, the car's electric motor goes reverse, slowing down the wheels.

 

5. Stopping in its Tracks - Lights, AC & Radio 

When the car stops, both the gas engine and the electric motor stops. But its battery still works, so things in the car like the lights, air conditioning, and radio can work. If you use the above methods to look for petrol hybrid cars, the options for the SUVs can go on and on. 

 

Benefits of the Hybrid Car

Idle-off

Adding a secondary electric motor to a vehicle gives it a lot of benefits, including the ability to "idle off."

The car works even when the main engine is turned off. So, Quick Speeding Up

When the car needs more power, this part of hybrid car technology lets the car switch from using an electric motor to using the main engine. When going uphill, this happens more often.

 

Power Assist

One of the best things about hybrid cars is that the main engine can be made smaller, reducing the consumption of gas. 

At lower speeds, hybrid cars use their electric motor and at higher speeds, gasoline engines are used.

Full-electric cars, which only use electric motors, are becoming more popular. Companies like Tesla Motors show a lot of conviction in this area, and the vehicles they make allow for less pollution. EVs will do the most to clean up the air if they run on batteries that are more efficient and are charged with electricity from renewable sources. EVs could reduce CO2 emissions by 14–100% compared to regular cars by 2050 when a lot of electricity will come from renewable sources.

 

Regenerative Braking

With regenerative braking, the vehicle's motion is turned into electricity, which is used to charge the battery unit.

 

What are the good and bad things about hybrid cars?

 

what is hybrid electric car benefits, types

 

The advantages and disadvantages of a hybrid car are as follows:

Advantages

  • Environment-friendly
  • Financial benefits due to lesser fuel costs incurred
  • Less dependence on fossil fuels
  • Regenerative braking system
  • Made of materials that aren't too heavy
  • Help from an electric motor
  • Smaller engines
  • Automatic start and stop Driven only by electricity

 

Disadvantages

  • Lesser power generation
  • The price of a hybrid car is on the high side.
  • Poor handling
  • High Voltage batteries are unsafe
  • The trouble of getting rid of recycling batteries
  • Issues faced by hydrogen fuel cells

 

What Kinds of Hybrid Cars Are There?

Here is a detailed discussion of the different kinds of hybrid cars.

 

Mild Hybrids

One of the newest things in hybrid technology is the mild hybrid. When the vehicle starts from a stop, the mild-hybrid system gives a boost to the gasoline engines. 

These engines don't need to be plugged in and can run on 48-volt electric systems. They inherit their power from a gasoline engine and regenerative braking

eAssist, eTorque, and EQ Boost are all standard mild hybrid systems.

 

Full Hybrids

Full hybrids have both an electric motor and an engine on gasoline. But the electric part of a hybrid car can do more work than the electric part of a mild hybrid.

The full hybrids are further classified into parallel and series hybrids. 

 

1. Parallel Hybrids:

The electric motor and the engine are used to move the wheels of parallel hybrids. Transmissions can also be automatic, manual, or CVT, which is continuously variable.

 

2. Series Hybrids:

Here, driving is more like driving an electric car since the only power source is an electric motor.

In this mode, the gasoline engine is only there to charge the battery. Also, the combustion engine drives the electric generator instead of the wheels. This makes the car go faster and more smoothly.

 

List of Top 5 Hybrid Cars in India

Hybrid Cars In India 

On Road Price

Toyota Camry 

Around 48 Lacs

Mahindra Scorpio

Around 17 Lacs

MG Hector

Around 16 Lacs

Toyota Glanza

Around 8 Lacs

Maruti Suzuki Baleno

Around 7.5 Lacs

 

Conclusion

Given all of its features and benefits, it's safe to say that a hybrid car is worth buying. Before buying a hybrid car, people should consider all the above information. The courses or the formal educational guidelines would help people with better insights. 

With the diversion of the world towards the environment and sustainable development, there is a surge in the sales of EVs and Hybrid cars. Pursuing online electric vehicle courses will make you eligible for a lucrative career in the EV industry. 

Skill-Lync is an EdTech platform that offers HEV certification courses for engineering students and graduates. The hybrid electric vehicle course will equip you with all the skill sets required to become an EV engineer.


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Anup KumarH S


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