Automotive Applications and the Paramount Influence of Control Systems and Development
As an aspiring engineering student, you must have a train of questions regarding the field of control systems design and development and its automotive applications. In this article, we offer an introduction to controls in the automotive space and the current market trends.
The article also covers typical job roles and their functions in the entry-level, senior-level, and top management, along with a step-by-step guide on how you can get these jobs.
State-of-the-Art: Control Systems in Automotive Space
If we delve into the domain of automation, we can segregate it into two types of vehicles:
Here are some characteristics of each of them:
On-road vehicles carry people or cargo on public roads and highways that have certain characteristics such as:
Complex control systems
The involvement of sensors and actuators
ECUs to DCUs
Off-roaders feature large tires with deep, open treads, a flexible suspension, as-well-as caterpillar tracks. These vehicles have:
Complex control systems
The necessity of multiple ECUs
Safety and performance
Some other functionalities provided by control systems that get installed in vehicles include:
Adaptive Cruise Control: Adjust vehicle speed automatically while maintaining a safe distance from other vehicles.
Front Collision Warning: Designed to prevent or reduce the severity of a collision by monitoring speed.
Lane Departure Warning: Designed to notify the driver when the vehicle moves out of its lane on freeways or arterial roads.
Lane-Keeping Assistance: Assists the driver in maintaining his lane by providing speed limiters, steering angles, and monitoring the path traversed by the vehicle.
Lane Change Warning: It is a warning system meant to notify you of a vehicle approaching rapidly in your blind spot while exiting a lane.
Parking Assistance: This system uses ultrasonic sensors at the vehicle's front, rear, and sides to detect a parking spot.
Night Vision Pedestrian Detection: It is a feature designed to assist drivers in avoiding potential collisions with pedestrians at night.
Some attributes of a control systems expert must include the ability to:
Understand system engineering
Know about mathematical modeling systems
Understand AI/ML models
Leading Software Solutions Providers
Here are some leading software solutions providers for control systems and automotive applications:
TCS & TRDDC (R&D Wing)
IT Services (Wipro, HCL, L&T Infotech, Mindtree)
Leading Hardware Solutions Providers
The leading hardware solutions providers for control systems and automotive applications are as follows:
Entry-Level Job Roles and Their Functions
Here are some job roles and functions that these jobholders must fulfill:
Embedded Systems Engineer (OEMs, Tier-1&2, IT Service Providers)
Automotive Engineer (OEMs - On-Road, Off-Road Vehicle, Tier-1&2, Service Providers)
Some renowned OEMs that have their TCI centers in India include BMW, Bosch, Continental, Ford, Daimler, Toyota, and others.
The Food Chain of Automotive Control Softwares
The food chain of automotive control software comprises about 43 premium members, 9 core partners, and 112 associate members.
The premium members include:
OEMs: Original Equipment Manufacturers: The OEMs comprise Hyundai, Kia, Honda, Mazda, Nissan, Porsche, Renault, Volvo, and Fiat.
Tier-1: The OEMs are supplied by the members of Tier-1 that include Delphi, ZF, Visteon, Valeo, Lear, and many others.
Standard Software and Tools: There exist standard software and tools such as Alpine, IBM, T Mobile Systems, Vector, Infosys, and many more.
Semiconductors: Firms such as Freescale, Hitachi, NEC, Infineon, and Renesas supply hardware and semiconductors.
The core partners include:
PSA Peugeot Citroen
Some associate members comprise:
Indian Automotive Scenario: February 2020
The automotive market in India is heading towards its doom as per the latest reports; however, as soon as the market stabilizes with electric vehicles and other car segments getting introduced, the markets could surge again.
A staggering 53.34% of the market share is occupied by Maruti Suzuki, while other contenders like Hyundai, Kia, Nissan, Jeep, Renault, Ford, and others are trying to secure a fair share in the market as well.
Car Exporters and Giants
Germany holds the rank of the largest car exporter in the world with a contribution of a whopping $151.9 billion, followed by Japan at $91.9 billion, and the U.S. at $53.8 billion.
China also now holds a humongous share of exporting automobiles across the world, with India also beginning to join the race with its rising worth in the industry.
Senior-Level and Top Management Job Roles and Their Functions
Here are some job profiles at the senior and the top management levels: