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Civil

Uploaded on

23 Jul 2022

How are Mega Tall Skyscrapers Built? Engineering Giants

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how are mega tall skyscrapper made

 

Many people are still astounded to see new and exciting high-rise buildings being constructed across the country and worldwide. Many structures appear to be tall, intricate, and technologically advanced.

 

A skyscraper is a high-rise structure with more than 40-50 floors. Many cities worldwide have used technology and development to build on, rather than on the outside, to increase the number of urban dwellers and business offices. Another concept that intrigues construction enthusiast is what is high-rise building design

One can learn about it with online high-rise building design courses

 

How are skyscrapers getting bigger and better?

 

skyscrapers getting bigger and better

 

The architectural authority, the Council of Urban Buildings and Cities (CTBUH), believes we are entering the era of "mega tall" buildings. The tallest building stands at 1,968 feet.

 

The Home Insurance Building in Chicago had the world's first significant floor and was the first tall structure to use bone marrow transplantation to support the weight of a building. It has become a challenge for civil engineers and architects to build a tall and safer buildings. You can also take high-rise building design certification courses if you are a construction enthusiast

 

  • Defying Gravity

 

The most challenging aspect of the building is the inevitable battle with gravity. Imagine that you are carrying a friend on your shoulder and think of how difficult it would be. When you add a second person to your shoulders, you may collapse into a heap under the weight of two! 

 

This is why the cheerleader tower works better, as more than one person carries the weight of the people. Because there is a solid foundation with many people so that the tower can easily stand. This is similar to how construction can occur. 

 

  • Technological Steel Advances

Steel and metal production enabled architects to reach greater heights to construct taller buildings. It would be impossible to increase the width of concrete beams for taller buildings to increase their strength. Mass-produced steel and steel products aided in constructing taller buildings. Long solid steel beams allowed a lightweight object to hold more weight, allowing a more extended structure to be built.

 

Tall building design and construction are also influenced by technology. Engineers have been able to simplify many design components and test them in the air tunnel thanks to 3D printing technology. Building Information Modeling (BIM) and the 3D computer model enable building architects to accurately assess how a building will function in real-world environments, potentially eliminating unnecessary building elements that previous buildings had to rely on.

 

  • Making a Steel Structure

 

A skeleton structure was used to build skyscrapers. Large grid shapes are constructed of movable metal planks and eventually form straight columns. Straight columns are attached to the horizontal beams of the girder on each floor to help strengthen and reinforce the structure. Many buildings use diagonal beams between columns for additional support. This grid is referred to as the superstructure. The structure's weight is then distributed in straight columns.

 

  • Transportation

 

The number of people living in a building increases as the floor value of the building increases. And no one wishes to take the stairs and everyone wants to use elevators.

 

The number of elevators required is determined by several factors, including the number of floors and the number of people present inside the building. However, as the number of elevators increases, the floor space on each floor decreases as the cash elevator takes up more space. Tall building design necessitates meticulous attention to details such as elevators, stairs, and the maximum number of people that each floor has to hold.

 

  • Managing the Wind

 

Wind power is another factor that many architects and engineers must consider when constructing tall buildings. Buildings do not want to fly through the air, and the wind does not always simply sweep the structure away.

 

Tall buildings are designed to move through the air. Some buildings have large dams installed near the top of the building to reduce the amount of flexibility of building occupants. A damper is essentially a giant pendulum that serves as a counterweight and is typically made of large metal plates that are glued and welded together. When the wind blows against the building, the damper will swing to the opposite side simultaneously to reduce the structure's movement.

 

As a result, buildings rely on nooks, ornaments, or small crannies within the structure to catch the wind and slow it down. Some designers and engineers will build construction prototypes and test them in an air tunnel to see how they hold up in high winds.

 

  • Forward and Upward

Buildings and structures will continue to expand as engineers work to push the boundaries of their designs. The buildings can be a fantastic display of innovation and an engineering masterpiece with the right tools.

 

Nobody knows whether the mega-tall building trend will continue. Going taller will continue to be expensive. Only four mega-tall buildings are currently under construction, and more than 140 supertall skyscrapers (those taller than 984 feet) are being built around the world.

 

Conclusion

Skyscraper design and construction entails creating safe and habitable spaces in extremely tall structures. Buildings must be able to support their own weight, withstand wind and earthquakes, and protect occupants from fire. 

 

They must, however, be easily accessible, even on the upper floors, and provide utilities and a comfortable environment for the occupants. A balance between economics, engineering, and construction management is required for an engineer to build skyscrapers. 

It is the of a structural engineer to design the structures and develop 3D models using software such as STAAD.Pro. As an engineer, you have to determine the material that suits them best and measure the pressure and load that the structure has to withstand. Skill-Lync offers high-rise building design courses online through which you can learn AutoCAD, ETABS, SAFE and ComFlor.


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Anup KumarH S


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