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CSE

Uploaded on

14 Jan 2023

Data Science and Machine Learning - Understand How They are Interdependent

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Skill-Lync

How Data Science Is Different From Machine Learning

Data science and machine learning are two closely-related, in-demand career paths. Data science is the overarching concept that uses data to create, innovate and improve products, services, and infrastructure systems. Machine learning is one of the components of data science and is also rapidly being adopted in many industries. 

The difference between data science and machine learning is similar to the difference between a rectangle and a square. A rectangle encompasses squares, while a square is its entity. Data science is an encompassing field, while machine learning is a tool. 

If you are interested in pursuing either field, learning programming and statistical skills is essential. Both promise high returns and continue to grow in demand across multiple sectors.

Data Science vs Machine Learning- How Data Science Is Different From Machine Learning

Data science is a field that focuses on collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data to extract actionable intelligence. Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that deals with building models and algorithms that use data to improve performance and make predictions. 

Machine learning and AI have become increasingly important in data science, particularly in data analytics and business intelligence. Machine learning automates the process of data analysis and uses large amounts of data to make predictions about certain populations.

What Is the Concept of Data Science?

Data science is an interdisciplinary field that involves extracting insights from large amounts of data and processing it using various tools, statistical models, and machine learning algorithms. It handles large datasets that require data cleaning, preparation, analysis, and visualization.

A data scientist collects raw data from various sources, pre-processes it, and applies predictive analysis and machine learning algorithms to gain insights. For instance, Netflix uses data science techniques to understand user interests by mining data and spotting patterns in its user base.

What Skills are Necessary to Become a Data Scientist?

  • Experience using Python, R, SAS, or Scala programming 
  • Experience with SQL databases
  • Understanding of machine learning algorithms
  • Deep understanding of statistical principles
  • Data Mining
  • Data Cleaning
  • Data Visualization

What Is the Concept of Machine Learning?

Data Science and Machine Learning


Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that uses algorithms to analyze data and predict future trends. By programming software with models, engineers can quickly and accurately conduct statistical analysis to identify patterns in the data. 

This is why social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and TikTok can use the information they have gathered from their users to predict their interests and desires and recommend relevant products, services, or articles. 

What Skills are Necessary for Machine Learning?

  • Processing of Natural Language 
  • Proficiency in Python or R Programming 
  • Understanding of Probability and Statistics 
  • Understanding of Data Interpretation and Modelling

In What Areas of Data Science Is Machine Learning Used?

1. For Business Development 

In creating a recommendation system to increase sales, we must first understand the problem statement and map desired outcome. We will then use this information to develop a system that optimizes the user experience and maximizes sales.

Data science algorithms help understand customer preferences and behaviors, analyze data to identify trends and develop algorithms and models to generate more accurate and personalized recommendations. Finally, we will need to test and refine the system to ensure it meets the desired objectives.

2. Data Processing

The raw data collected in the previous step is transformed into an appropriate format, allowing efficient utilization by the subsequent steps in the process.

3. Data Exploration

We use data to uncover hidden patterns, relationships, potential problems, and anomalies and obtain useful insights useful in decision-making. Through this step, we can understand the data structure, identify trends, and develop hypotheses useful in later stages of the business development process.

4. Data Modeling

Data scientists download data, clean it, and build large-scale models after training it, testing it, and optimizing its performance. Through this process, machine learning algorithms discover patterns and relationships in the data and can make predictions and decisions.

5. Deployment and Optimization 

This is a data model design; data is effective in a real-world environment, and its performance is monitored and evaluated. 

Data Science vs. Machine Learning Jobs

Data Science and Machine Learning are two important and fast-growing fields in India. The jobs in these areas are in high demand, and the salaries for these positions are among the highest in the tech industry. Data Science jobs involve analyzing large amounts of data to uncover patterns, trends, and insights to drive better business decisions. Machine Learning jobs involve developing algorithms and systems that can learn from data and make predictions.Several companies in India hire for data science and machine learning jobs, including

  • Accenture
  • Wipro
  • Tata Consultancy Services
  • Cognizant
  • HCL Technologies
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Infosys
  • Capgemini
  • Deloitte
  • Microsoft.

In India, data science vs. machine learning salary ranges from ₹500,000 to ₹2,500,000 per annum, depending on the candidate's experience, skills and qualifications. The salaries for Data Science jobs tend to be higher than those for Machine Learning jobs. Companies also invest heavily in research and development, increasing salaries.

Conclusion

Data Science and Machine Learning are powerful tools that can help improve businesses and products. They each have their strengths and weaknesses and are used together to achieve the best results. In conclusion, it's essential to understand the differences between Data Science and Machine Learning to use them effectively and get the most out of them.

Enrol and get access to our PG program in Data Science and Machine learning to understand the core concepts. Talk to our experts and get a free demo.


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Anup KumarH S


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