project work, the comparison between three different cross-sectioned cantilever
beams is done. The beams have rectangular, I-section, and C-section as their
cross-sections. The comparison is done in terms of stress, displacement, and
strain produced during bending load conditions of 1500 N load. After the
analysis, the best cross-section for bending is suggested.
between the three types of beams in terms of stress, displacement, and strain
produced during bending load conditions.
A beam is a
structural component. It normally resists all the loads applied laterally to
its axis. The only mode by which it can be deflected is Bending. Bending is the
behavior of the element when an external load is applied perpendicular to its axis.
When the beam is fixed with one end and its other end is free then the beam is
known as a cantilever beam. When the load is applied to the face perpendicular
to its axis, the beam experiences bending. The bending of the beam induces
internal stresses, strains, and deflections. The bending also depends upon the
support, cross-section, length, and material. The study of these stresses, strains, and deflections
is used to determine the best possible beam (in terms of support, cross-section,
length, and material).
The task aims to check the performance of different types of beams in bending. The beams are extruded to 400 mm from the faces having dimensions mentioned in figures 1, 3 and 5. A load of 1500 N is applied to the smaller faces of all the beams i.e 40mm face of beam 2 and 45 mm faces of beam 1 and beam 3. The results in terms of Strain, Stress, and Displacement are to be compared and the suggestion of the best of the three is to be given.
For creating the model in SOLIDWORKS
As per the data provided in the challenge, the model was created on the SOLIDWORKS.
The various dimensions of the beam are shown in figure 1 (Given Data). Figure 2 shows the model created using the same data.
Figure 1. Cross Section of the rectangular beam (Given Data).
Figure 2. Three-Dimensional model of the rectangular beam
Case 2: I Section Beam
The various dimensions of the beam are shown in figure 3 (Given Data). Figure 4 shows the model created using the same data.
Figure 3. Cross Section of the I - Section beam (Given Data).
Figure 4. Three Dimensional Model of the I - Section Beam.
3: C-Section Beam
Figure 5. Cross Section of the C - Section beam (Given Data).
Figure 6.Three Dimensional Model of the C - Section Beam.
The material applied to the model was the same for all the
models. The material used for the analysis is the Alloy Steel.
Figure 7. Properties of Alloy Steel
The model was to be fixed at one end of the beam. This fixture will help the beams to be treated as cantilever beams. The fixture is applied to the face from which the beams are extracted. The fixed geometries are shown for all three types namely Rectangular Beam, I-section Beam, and C-section Beam in Figures 9,8, and 10 respectively.
Figure 8.Fixture applied to the rectangular beam.
Figure 9.Fixture applied to the I-section beam.
applied to the C-section beam.
A load of 1500 N was to be applied to the smaller faces of
all the beams.
For case 1, it was on the 45 mm face.
Figure 11. 1500 N load applied on the smaller face (45 mm face).
For case 2, it was on the 40 mm face.
Figure 12 1500 N load applied on the smaller face (40 mm face).
For case 3, it was on the 45 mm face.
Figure 13. 1500 N load applied on the smaller face(45 mm face).
The load will cause bending and the results are discussed
The meshing was done using the following settings for all
Size = 5 mm
Tolerance = 0.25 mm
Figures 14,15 and 16 show the mesh.
Figure 14. Meshed model of the rectangular beam.
Figure 15. Meshed model of the I-section beam.