Masters Program in ETABS and SAFE Software for RCC, Composite and Precast Buildings

This 12 month program offers courses which will help you to become an expert in ETABS and SAFE which are prominent analysis softwares in the civil domain

  • Domain : CIVIL
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Program Outcomes

People of ancient civilizations used architecture for creating habitats whereas buildings and constructions of present day are more concerned about fulfilling all the possible needs of people to the utmost limit. Modern time driven by various factors demands rapid urbanisation. Population explosion, increasing demand for businesses and consequent effects strongly influence the construction of buildings and structures. 

People in the field of structural engineering or civil domain must have the ability to understand the ways to sort out the problems and provide better solutions answering all the necessities. The primary responsibility of the engineer should be in maximizing the facilities that can be offered without compromising the safety of the structure. To acquire such knowledge and understanding, one should know about different softwares and tools that aid and reduce the work of engineers. 

ETABS stands for Extended Three-Dimensional Analysis of Building Systems. The software developed by Computers & Structures Inc helps in the construction of large complex structures by aiding the processes of design and analysis. It enables the user to create accurate 3D models of structures and analyse them  effectively in a quick manner and is highly preferred in design and analysis of multi-storey buildings. 

Similarly, SAFE software is used in the design and analysis of substructures. It is predominantly used for analysing floor and foundation systems. The sophisticated tools in SAFE make it easier for engineers to design structures and to analyse them effectively. 

The Masters Program in ETABS and SAFE is specifically designed for aspirants who are seeking a role as structural engineers. The course provides the basic understanding of the software and how they are used in designing and analysing of real life structures. 

The Masters Program in ETABS and SAFE software includes a number of courses which cover various topics of design and analysis of structures accompanied by the projects where the learner can apply what one learnt during the course. 

The list of courses covered in the Masters Program are: 

  1. Analysis and Design of High Rise Buildings using ETABS and Foundation Design using SAFE for Seismic Loads
  2. Mastering Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams 
  3. Structural Analysis and Design of Composite Structures using ETABS
  4. Structural Design of Highrise Precast Buildings 
  5. Structural Actions on Tall Buildings using ETABS and SAFE
  6. Reinforced Cement Concrete Design 


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List of courses in this program

1Analysis and Design of Highrise Buildings using ETABS and Foundation design using SAFE for Seismic Loads

The first course of the Masters program uses both ETABS and SAFE softwares. Here, the students will learn how to build software models of the structure, analyse them and use them in preparing final construction drawings. 

This course covers:  

  • Overview of seismic design concepts 
  • Dynamic analysis of building structures & estimation of earthquake forces 
  • Conceptual design of buildings for earthquake resistance with reference to IS 1893 
  • Detailed design of RCC member elements with reference to IS 13920 & foundation design 

2Mastering Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams

Knowledge and understanding of bending moment and shear force diagrams of structural members is necessary for a structural engineer. Students will learn how to obtain shear force and bending moment diagrams of different structures. 

The course covers: 

  • Primer on basic mechanics of material 
  • Bending moment and shear force diagram of single span beams(with various boundary conditions) 
  • Bending moment and shear force diagrams for multiple span beams, 
  • Influence line diagrams – Muller Breslau’s principles and its applications 
  • Bending moment diagrams and shear force diagrams of portal frames – moment distribution method 
  • Approximate analysis methods – portal frame method and cantilever method 
  • Introduction to ETABS software touching upon modelling and analysis aspects 

3Structural Analysis and Design of Composite Structures(ETABS)

Composites are multi-phase materials composed of two or more materials. Materials of different properties are combined together to achieve desired properties. The better characteristics of composites make it an essential component in structural engineering. 

In this course, you will be able to understand the functions and behaviour of different structural elements and when and where composite materials can be used. 

Here, you will learn about: 

  • Modeling of geometry using ETABS
  • Load applications and load combinations 
  • Structural analysis and design of structures 
  • Composite deck design and analysis using Comflor 

4Structural Design of High-rise Precast Buildings

Precast concrete design is a highly-advanced blooming technology in the structural field. This course is designed to give you a basic understanding on structural behaviour of precast buildings under various loads. 

Here, you will learn about: 

  • Comprehensive structural analysis and design for G + 15 precast building using ETABS & Strusoft FEM Design. 
  • Detailed understanding of Precast Design (Stability analysis, Precast member Design, Precast connections)
  • Calculation of gravity and lateral loads on the building structures 
  • Understanding for buildings behavior under different loads

5Structural Actions on Tall Buildings using International Codes

The design and construction of tall buildings all around the world are governed by different regulations and practices. Students will learn how to analyse and design tall buildings as per international codes and practices. This course will also provide you the fundamentals of ETABS and SAFE. 

Here, you will learn: 

  • Description of the various structural actions on tall buildings
  • Provisions for seismic and wind design in international codes
  • Fundamentals of strength and serviceability design 
  • Modelling and design of a tall building using ETABS and SAFE


6Reinforced Cement Concrete Design

Reinforced concrete members serve as the functional blocks of structural systems. The design, behaviour and failure of the reinforced concrete members influence the structural system. 

Here, you will learn: 

  • Behaviour of structural members 
  • Analysis of structural members 
  • Design of structural members 

Flexible Course Fees

Choose the Master’s plan that’s right for you


9 Months Access


Per month for 10 months

  • Access Duration : 9 Months
  • Mode of Delivery : Online
  • Project Portfolio : Available
  • Certification : Available
  • Individual Video Support : 8/Month
  • Group Video Support : 8/Month
  • Email Support : Available
  • Forum Support : Available

Lifetime Access


Per month for 10 months

  • Job Assistance : Maximum of 10 opportunities
  • Master's Assistance : Lifetime
  • Access Duration : Lifetime
  • Mode of Delivery : Online
  • Project Portfolio : Available
  • Certification : Available
  • Individual Video Support : 24x7
  • Group Video Support : 24x7
  • Email Support : Available
  • Forum Support : Available
  • Telephone Support : Available
  • Dedicated Support Engineer : Available
  • Paid Internship : 3 Months

Some of the projects that you will work on

1. Development of structural system & framing plan of a Sample Precast building (G+ 6) in Bhopal, India as per Indian Structural codes


Key Highlights:

  • Understanding of architectural layouts of the building
  • Creating the load path of the various forces to foundation
  • Developing the structural scheme(Precast) for the building as per architectural plans
  • Preparing structural framing plans of the building along with the structural sections
  • Load calculations for all the forces acting on the building. 
  • Calculation for seismic and wind forces
  • Identifying and dealing the irregularities of the building
  • Preparing the design basis report of the building design


  • Design Basis report 
  • Structural framing plans (PDFs)
  • Load calculations 

2. Complete structural analysis and design of the sample precast building (G+6) in Bhopal, M.P., India using ETABS


Key Highlights:

  • Interpretation of framing plans to develop the analytical model
  • Preparation of analytical model in ETABS: Geometry
  • Preparation of analytical model in ETABS: Loads
  • Analyzing the structural behavior of the model
  • Checking the deflections, reaction uplift, story drifts in the analytical model
  • Element design of every structural member
  • Design for precast connections


  • Error free ETABS model of the building
  • Element design of structural members
  • Connection design of precast connection (sketches) 
  • Complete calculation report of the building

3. Analysis of multi span beam from a given floor layout with and without load patterning


Key Highlights:

  • Understanding difference between one way slab and two way slab
  • Calculation of load acting on floor
  • Distribution of loads to the multi-span beam under consideration depending on one-way vs two way slab load distribution
  • Analysing a four span beam using slope deflection method
  • Identification of load to be considered for load patterning
  • Identification of load patterning to obtain maximum positive span bending moments using Muller Breslau's Principle
  • Identification of load patterning to obtain maximum negative span bending moments using Muller Breslau's Principle
  • Analysis of the same four span beam considering load patterning using Slope deflection Method


  • All load calculation of floor loads
  • All consideration made to identify one way slab vs two way slab
  • Loading diagram on beam based on distribution of load from slab
  • Detailed analysis of the four span beam without considering load patterning
  • Detailed explanation of identification of load patterning based on Muller Breslau's principle
  • Analysis of the four span beam using Slope deflection equation to obtain maximum bending moment values(positive and negative)

4. Modelling of a frame, application of loading (gravity and lateral) and obtaining bending moment and shear force diagram in ETABS


Key Highlights:

  • Exposure and hands on experience to usage of ETABS
  • Addition and modification of Grids in ETABS
  • Defining material properties and section properties in ETABS
  • Modelling the frame geometry in the software
  • Definition of load patterns and load combinations in ETABS
  • Application of frame loading gravity(and) and joint loading (wind/lateral)
  • Obtaining bending moment and shear force diagram in ETABS


  • Detailed step by step illustration of how individual steps have been carried out in ETABS
  • ETABS model
  • Snapshots of bending moment and shear force diagrams obtained from ETABS for individual load patterns/cases
  • Snapshots of bending moment and shear force diagrams obtained from ETABS for individual load combinations

5. Modelling, Analysis and Design of Tall buildings in ETABS


Key Highlights:

  • Modelling
    • To comprehend the architectural plan provided by the architect and look-out for the key information from the drawings.
    • Import the architectural floor plan (provided by the architect) in ETABS model to start with the modelling.
    • Create grid lines, story levels & story heights to set-up a project.
    • Create material definitions for the concrete, rebar & structural steel
    • Create slab, beam, column & wall properties to be used further in the project.
    • Model typical floor plate using shell & frame elements as indicated in architectural plan.
  • Loadings & Load combinations
    • Define load patterns for gravity cases
    • Define load patterns for the lateral load cases using the wind & seismic parameters provided.
    • Create service & ultimate load combinations as per IS 456:2000
    • Define mass source for the earthquake loads
    • Define P-Δ load factors to be used in the analysis
  • Structural Analysis
    • Assign appropriate end restraints to the beams based on the location of the member.
    • Obtain the shear force & moment diagram for the floor beams & columns
    • Check the gravity load path in the structure if it follows the designer’s intent.
    • Perform quick hand calculations to confirm the base reactions for the gravity load cases.
  • Design of structural members
    • Select appropriate parameters for the design of the members
    • Check the effective length in the case of the columns
    • Interpret the design results
    • Re-design and restrict the member utilization within 0.9
    • Identify the reinforcement requirements for each structural member


  • Submit architectural DXF file used for the ETABS import
  • Wind & seismic load calculations (in excel or word document)
  • Manual calculations for the base reactions in gravity load cases (in excel/word document)
  • Submit ETABS model with the complete model of the tall building.
  • The model should pass all design and serviceability requirements.
  • A comprehensive project report from the ETABS software (as PDF file)

6. Modelling, Analysis and Design of Composite Structures in Comflor & ETABS


Key Highlights:

  • Modelling
    • Prepare two distinct structural framing plans
    • Create member definition for the steel sections by importing through library.
    • Select deck slab profile and section using the Comflor Manual.
    • Modelling of the composite metal deck section in ETABS
    • Modelling of the composite columns in ETABS
    • Create steel beam, steel column, bracing & core wall properties to be used further in the project.
  • Loadings & Load combinations
    • Comflor: Wet concrete and construction loads for the design of deck slab
    • ETABS: Use load patterns and combinations created in previous project
    • Definition of Pre-composite dead loads
    • Define footfall loadings for the vibration checks.
  • Structural Analysis
    • Comflor software to be used for the analysis of composite deck slab
    • Obtain the shear force & bending moment diagrams for the floor beams and columns.
    • Check the gravity load path in the structure if it follows the designer’s intent.
    • Perform quick hand calculations to confirm the base reactions for the gravity load cases.
    • Check natural frequency for the floor system and mitigate the floor vibration by keeping fundamental frequency > 3Hz.
  • Design of structural members
    • Select appropriate design parameters for the pre-composite & post-composite behavior
    • Check the effective length of the beams, considering the lateral restraint from the concrete topping.
    • Shear studs & Composite deck design calculations
    • Interpretation of the design results for the composite beam from ETABS
    • Pre-camber criteria and requirements

Key Deliverables:

  • Comflor file with the complete modeling of the slab with appropriate loadings
  • Comflor report for the composite slab design (as PDF file)
  • Manual calculation of the pre-composite & post-composite deflections.
  • Manual calculation for the base reactions in gravity load cases (in excel/word document)
  • Submit an ETABS model with the complete model of the composite structure.
  • The model should pass all design and serviceability requirements.
  • A comprehensive project report from the ETABS software (as PDF file)

1.Analysis and Design of High Rise Buildings using ETABS and Foundation Design using SAFE for Seismic Loads

1Overview of seismic design

  • Seismic design philosophy and limit states
  • Earthquake and their geotechnical and structural effects
  • Capacity design philosophy
  • Problem statement

2Fundamentals of structural dynamics and its applications to earthquake engineering – 1

  • Single Degree of Freedom Systems
    • Force Displacement System
    • Damping Force
    • Equation of Motion – External Force 
    • Equation of Motion – Earthquake Excitation
    • Undamped Free Vibration Systems
    • Viscously Damped Free Damping
  • Earthquake Response of Linear Systems
    • Response Spectrum Concept
    • Deformation, Pseudo-velocity and Pseudo-acceleration Response Spectra
    • Peak Structural Response from the Response Spectrum
  • Problem statement

3Fundamentals of structural dynamics and its applications to earthquake engineering – 2

  • Multi Degree of Freedom Systems
    • Discretization of structural systems
    • Elastic, damping & inertia forces
    • Damping Force
    • Equation of Motion 
    • Free Vibration – Systems without damping
  • Modal Response Spectrum Analysis
  • Equivalent Lateral Force Method
  • Problem statement

4Conceptual design of concrete buildings for earthquake resistance - 1

  • General principles of conceptual seismic design
  • Regularity and irregularity of building structures
  • Problem statement

5Conceptual design of concrete buildings for earthquake resistance - 2

  • Essentials of structural system for seismic resistance – RC frame systems, wall systems and dual systems
  • The Capacity Design Philosophy
  • The role of a stiff and strong vertical spine in the building
  • Ductility as an alternative to strength

6Detailed design of concrete buildings -1

  • Design of beams with reference to IS 13920
  • Problem statement

7Detailed design of concrete buildings -2

  • Design of columns and beam - column joints with reference to IS 13920
  • Problem statement

8ETABS modelling

  • Architectural drawings will be presented. A cost efficient load path will be carved out using Etabs 2016.
  • From identifying loads, to creating etabs model
  • Complete analysis and design of RCC building in zone 5 will be demonstrated

9Foundation design -1

  • Foundation structures for frames and structural walls
  • Footing & pile design using excel spreadsheet
  • Problem statement

10Foundation design -2

  • Check for liquefaction
  • Design of raft foundation using SAFE

2. Mastering Shear force and Bending moment Diagrams

1Basic mechanics

The topics that will be covered in this segment are –

  • Stress and strain
  • Important aspects of stress-strain curves of commonly used materials(steel and concrete)
  • Hooke’s law
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Limit of proportionality
  • Yield stress
  • Proof stress
  • Fundamentals of state of equilibrium 
  • Brief introduction to types of equilibrium
  • Equilibrium equations

The students would be introduced to beams and its various types

2Analysis of Single span beams

Students would be introduced to analysis approach for single span beams .Types of loading that will be considered are

  • Uniform loading,
  • Concentrated load,
  • Linearly varying load

Also, the approach to determine bending moment and shear force diagrams of these beams will be discussed in detail. The usual sign convention used in the industry will also be discussed.

3Introduction to methods of analysis of statically indeterminate beams

Introduction to statically indeterminate beams would be done. Different methods of analysis of statically indeterminate structures – stiffness method and force method will be introduced. Equilibrium equations and deformation compatibility equations will be introduced(briefly touching upon Castigliano’s theorem to determine displacements)

The above methods will be used to determine bending moment and shear force diagrams of a single span statically indeterminate beam – analysis of propped cantilever beam subjected to uniform load and concentrated load

4Introduction to internal hinges in beams and corresponding bending moment diagram and shear force diagrams of single and two span continuous beams

  • Introduction to internal hinges in statically indeterminate beams along with real life example.
  • Implications of internal hinges on bending moments.
  • Analysis of single span and two span beams with internal hinge.
  • Determination of bending moment diagram and shear force diagrams for these beams.

5Introduction of Influence Line Diagrams

Concept of influence line diagram will be introduced. This will be followed by its applications. Influence lines of vertical reactions, bending moment and shear force will be derived and discussed for a single span simply supported beam.

Concept of moving loads will be discussed and determination of absolute maximum bending moment in beam due to a system of concentrated loads will be discussed

6Introduction of Muller Breslau’s principle

Muller Breslau’s principle will be introduced to determine qualitatively influence line diagrams of various quantities of statically determinate band indeterminate beams. 

Concept of load patterning will be introduced and application of Muller Breslau’s principle will be discussed to determine qualitatively maximum moment in midspan, maximum moment over support, maximum support reaction, etc for multi span beams.

7Introduction to flexible supports of beams

Introduction to concept of flexible supports will be done. Real life examples of flexible supports would be discussed. Importance of considering support’s flexibility will be discussed in statically indeterminate beams. Two span beam with one of the supports as spring would be analyzed. The result will be compared to a two span beam without flexible  supports for students to be able to appreciate the significance of support’s flexibility

8Introduction to portal frames

Introduction to portal frame structures and various types of portal frames –

  • Single storied single bay,
  • Single storied –
    • Two bays,
  • Two storied single bay;
  • Two storied two bays,
  • Multi storied multibay ;
  • Application of portal frames in real life structures –
    • Steel and Concrete buildings

9Analysis of single storied portal frame subjected to lateral loads

  • Analysis of a single storied portal frame with pinned bases using moment distribution method;
  • Analysis of single storied portal frame with fixed bases using slope deflection method

10Analysis of single storied portal frame subjected to gravity load

  • Analysis of single storied portal frame with pinned bases subjected uniform gravity load using moment distribution method
  • Analysis of single storied portal frame with fixed base subjected to concentrated load using slope deflection method
  • Concept of sway of portal frame due to gravity loads

11Approximate methods of analysis of multistoried portal frames

  • Introduction to approximate methods of analysis of multi-storied portal frames using portal frame menthod and cantilever method
  • Derivation of bending moment and shear force diagrams

12Introduction to modelling in ETABS

  • A brief introduction to ETABS software. 
  • Demonstration of Analysis of single span and mutispan beams in ETABS
  • Demonstration of modelling flexible supports in ETABS
  • Demonstration of analysis of single storied and multistoried portal frames in etabs with various support conditions
  • Determination of sway deformation/lateral drifts in the portal frame to be covered

3. Structural Analysis and Design of Composite Structures(ETABS)

1Structural Systems for Tall Buildings (Part 1)

  • Introduction to tall buildings
  • Tallest buildings in the world in 2020
  • Loadings and supports 
  • Structural mechanics concepts
  • Structural elements and their behaviour
  • Structural systems and their classification  

2Structural Systems for Tall Buildings (Part 2)

  • Structural systems and its behaviour 
  • Case study  
  • Comparative study for the structural systems
  • Shanghai tower – structural framing & challenges 
  • Taipei 101 – structural framing & challenges 
  • p-δ analysis 
  • p-δ vs. p-δ 

3Loads on the Tall Buildings

  • Gravity loads 
  • Load paths 
  • Modelling of structure
  • Wind loads as per IS 875: 2015 (Part 3)
  • Wind load estimation & application in ETABS
  • Earthquake loads as per IS 1893: 2016
  • Seismic load estimation & application in ETABS
  • Design philosophy in wind & seismic loads

4Modal Analysis in Tall buildings

  • Underlying Physics 
  • D'alembert's Principle
  • Equation of Motion
  • Modal Analysis
  • Influence of Modal Response  
  • Idealized Model – SDOF Structure

5Structural Analysis and Design of Concrete Structures (Part -1)

  • Structural actions
  • Concrete & its key properties
  • Corrosion
  • Design methodology
  • Limit state of design 
  • Load combinations 

6Structural analysis and design of concrete structures (Part 2)

  • Type of slab & its function
  • One-way vs Two-way slabs
  • Slab design & detailing  
  • Beam types
  • Beam analysis & design  
  • Column classification
  • Column analysis & design 
  • Wall design 

7Structural Analysis and Design of Steel Structures (Part 1)

  • Steel vs Concrete comparative study
  • Structural steel sections
  • Section classification
  • Allowable stress design
  • Limit state design 
  • Design flow chart 
  • Design of tension members 
  • Failure modes and strength estimation

8Structural Analysis And Design Of Steel Structures (Part 2)

  • Design of compression member  
  • Euler buckling criteria 
  • Flexural buckling 
  • Torsional-Flexural buckling 
  • Design of beams 
  • Deflection criteria for the beams
  • Bolted connection 
  • Welded connection

9Fundamentals to Composite Structures (Part - 1)

  • Composite structures 
  • Practical applications
  • Key advantages 
  • Composite deck slab 
  • Design philosophy 
  • Construction of composite deck slab
  • Advantages of composite deck slab
  • Connection details

10Fundamentals to Composite Structures (Part - 2)

  • Composite beam philosophy 
  • Load transfer 
  • Design criteria 
  • Prefabricated composite beams 
  • Composite coupling beams
  • Composite columns
  • Load capacity of composite columns
  • Composite connection 
  • Composite wall 
  • Software advances

4. Structural Design of Highrise Precast Buildings

1Basic Intro: Codes, Inputs, software

  • Introduction to precast concrete structure & its fundamental difference from cast in-situ structures.
  • Defining the outline of the entire course & things to be covered.
  • To start with the structural design of G+15 precast building.
  • Inputs required 
    • Architectural plan of the buildings
    • Location of the building
    • Usage of the building
    • Substructure Information (soil capacity, subgrade modulus)
  • Slight brief about the structural codes to be used IS 456, IS 1893, IS 13920, IS 13916, FIB 43, FIB 27, PCI reference
  • Slight brief about the software to be used during the course (ETABS & Strusoft FEM Design)

2Concept Design

  • Work with the architectural plan and prepare the structural framing at different level
  • Understand & establish the vertical load path of the building
  • Understand & establish the lateral load resisting system / stability system for the building.
  • Understanding of grounding of forces in the structure 
  • Freeze the qualitative structural system for building
  • Develop the structural framing plans of all the level for preparation of analytical model

3Concept Design - Precast

  • Break down of the structural elements to feasible precast members
  • Basic understanding about various precast elements
  • Criterion for sizing of various precast members
  • Introduction to various type of precast elements
  • Preparing the updated structural plans as per precast structural scheme
  • Developing some rudimentary connection sketches at this stage.

4Force Calculation

  • Identifying all the forces to be considered for the analysis
  • Calculation of the all the forces
  • Calculation for wind, snow & earthquake loads
  • Basic understanding of IS 1893 (Static & Dynamic method)
  • Few hand calculations showing seismic base shear
  • Additional stages to be taken for precast members: demolding, transportation, erection

5Load combinations, Strength & Serviceability parameters, Progressive collapse

  • Load combination as per IS 456 & IS 1893
  • Strength parameters for precast members
  • Serviceability parameters & checks for precast building
  • Progressive collapse – general introduction 
  • Progressive collapse prevention system for the building
  • Introduction to horizontal & vertical ties

6Analytical model for the precast building in ETABS / Strusoft FEM Design

  • Setting up the analytical model 
  • Geometry of the analytical model as per framing plans
  • Preliminary sizing of the structural members
  • Section properties of the structural members
  • Support parameters, connection parameters, mass source
  • DBR preparation

7Analytical model – Loading, connection parameters, foundation properties, seismic inputs

  • Load application on the analytical model
  • Seismic load application on the analytical model 
  • Wind load application – user defined & auto generated
  • Mass source 
  • Load combination
  • Limit state of strength & serviceability

8Behavior of the analytical model

  • Checking the behavior of analytical model
  • Deflected shape under various load case (dead, lateral)
  • Base reactions & uplifts
  • Story drifts & deflections
  • Connection forces in FEM design 
  • Mode shapes & governing modes 
  • Mode participation factors
  • Preliminary system run design of the members

9Foundation design of the building & Precast element design

  • Detailed analysis for base reaction forces
  • Suggestion of type of foundation based on base reactions & soil properties
  • Design for the foundation using SAFE, reinforcement design for raft.
  • Additional checks for the foundation
  • Verifying the initial assumed sizes of the members
  • Detailed design of the precast elements
  • Design for reinforcement precast slabs (solid slabs, Hollow core slabs)
  • Design for precast reinforced beams & Columns
  • Design for precast concrete walls 


10Design of various precast elements

  • Additional checks to be made lifting & transportation stages
  • Connection & reinforcement for other design stages
  • General Information about various types of structural elements
  • Hollow core slabs, Filigree slabs, Balcony slabs and their connections 
  • Prestressed structural members – general introduction
  • Types of precast walls:
    • Sandwich walls 
    • Double walls
    • Battery walls
    • Cavity walls

11Design of precast connections

  • Identifying & computing connection forces from analytical model
  • Schematic design of precast connection
  • Connection sketches 
  • Detailed connection design for various connections 
    • Wall – wall horizontal 
    • Wall – wall vertical 
    • Wall – Foundation 
    • Wall – Slabs
    • Beam – slab 
    • Beam – column connections 
  • General information about various type of connections

12Diaphragm design and Robustness

  • Design for semi rigid diaphragm for precast deck
  • Cast on -site reinforcement required for diaphragm action
  • Preparation of reinforcement details for cast on-site reinforcement 
  • Robustness system of the building 
  • Provision of horizontal and vertical ties in the building
  • Computing Tie forces 
  • Changed connection forces

5. Structural Actions on Tall Buildings using ETABS and SAFE

1Introduction to Tall Buildings

  • Demand for Tall Buildings
  • Tall buildings around the world
  • Factors affecting tall buildings
  • Overview of Design Parameters

2Gravity Loads

  • Dead Loads
  • Super Imposed Dead Loads
  • Live Loads
  • Other Special Load Cases

3Seismic Loads

  • Basics of Seismic Loads on Buildings
  • Estimation of Seismic loads on a tall building
  • Dynamic Analysis
  • Provisions in American Codes for Seismic Design
  • Seismic Load input parameters in ETABS

4Wind Loads

  • Basics of Wind Loads
  • Estimation of Wind Loads on a tall building
  • Provisions in American Codes for Wind Loads
  • Wind Load inputs in ETABS
  • Wind Tunnel Design Considerations

5Design Criteria

  • Design Philosophy
  • Strength Design Checks
  • Stability Checks
  • Drift Considerations as per American Code
  • Drift Checks from ETABS Outputs
  • Human Comfort Criteria
  • Requirements for Fire Safety

6Structural Systems

  • Types of Structural stability systems
  • Exterior Structural Stability Systems
  • Interior Structural Stability Systems
  • Slab systems for tall buildings
  • Diaphragm action
  • Outrigger structures

7Second Order effects and Long-term effects on Tall Buildings

  • P=Delta Effects
  • Creep and Shrinkage
  • Temperature Considerations
  • Axial Shortening

8Design for Strength and Serviceability Considerations

  • Design fundamentals for Vertical elements
  • Design fundamentals for Horizontal Elements
  • Design of Shear walls
  • Serviceability Design Checks

9Modelling of Tall Building using ETABS

  • Modelling of a tall building in ETABS
  • Providing input parameters
  • Assigning Loads

10Analysis and Design of Tall Buildings using ETABS

  • Assigning analysis parameters
  • Running analysis
  • Making cross checks to verify analysis results
  • Assign design parameters
  • Running design checks of vertical elements

11Foundation Design using SAFE

  • Exporting forces from ETABS to SAFE
  • Modelling in SAFE
  • Assigning parameters
  • Design Checks

12Special Topics

  • Wind mitigation measures
  • Damping Techniques

6. Reinforced cement concrete design

1Structural systems, Properties of Concrete and Properties of Reinforcing steel

  • Objectives of structural design
  • Types of structural systems (different types of floor systems, vertical and lateral framing systems etc.)
  • Basic of concrete mix proportions and unit wt.
  • Compressive strength of concrete (test on cylinder & cube)
  • Stress-strain curve for concrete and its behavior with increasing compressive strength (equn. for stress-strain curve, modified Hognestad parabola)
  • Unconfined compressive strength of cylinder v/s cube
  • Confined strength of concrete
  • Characteristic strength of concrete, modulus of elasticity, tensile strength & Poisson’s ratio
  • Concrete stress-strain curve per IS 456:2000
  • Properties of steel (stress v/s strain, Fe250/Fe415/Fe500)

2Design Philosophies Beam in flexure (analysis)

  • Preview into WSM, Strength Design (ULM) and Limit State Design (LSD)
  • Two Limit States (serviceability & strength)
  • Explain collapse mechanism (?)
  • Material safety factor (γm)
  • Characteristic loads and load safety factor
  • Introduction to flexure
  • Cracking moment
  • Modular ratio (per IS:456 and IRC:112) & neutral axis based on 1st moment area (balanced NA)
  • Moment of inertia (gross v/s cracked)

3Beam in flexure (analysis)

  • Equation of equilibrium & computing moment of resistance
  • Balanced moment (concrete & steel fails simultaneously, limiting Ast)
  • Brittle failure (concrete fails first)
  • Ductile failure & concept of moment-curvature
  • Concept of flanged beams (what are they?)
  • Analysis of singly r/f flanged sections in flexure
  • Analysis of doubly r/f beams (rectangular & flanged beams)

4Design of singly r/f beams

  • Effective span
  • Min. & max. r/f criteria and rebar spacing in beams
  • Serviceability criteria (short & long-term deflection)
  • Deep & slender beams
  • Design of singly r/f rectangular beam
  • Design of singly r/f flanged beam (revise the concept of flanged beam)
  • Concept of neutral axis at different levels (i.e. xu = xu,max, xu < xu,max , xu > xu,max)
  • Bar curtailment location (development length & other criteria)


  • Principal stress in beams
  • Modes of cracking
  • Shear transfer mechanism
  • Beams without shear r/f
  • Beams with shear r/f
  • Shear stress in uniform depth beam
  • Shear stress in non-uniform deep beam
  • Shear resistance of beams without shear r/f
  • Shear resistance of beams with shear r/f (shear stirrups spacing)
  • Min. shear r/f and max. spacing of stirrups
  • Curtailment of longitudinal stirrup (revisit)

6Torsion, Bond and Anchorage

  • Ways in which torsion might act on the structure (equilibrium or compatibility)
  • Design strength in torsion (w/o torsional r/f)
  • Torsional r/f provisions per IS code
  • Design strength (torsion & shear)
  • Bond in concrete (mechanism, and type i.e. flexural & anchor)
  • Development length and end anchorage
  • Splicing of r/f
  • Deflection as serviceability limit state
  • Deflection limits (for s/s, cantilever beams)
  • Short term & long-term deflection
  • Design spreadsheet (MS Excel)

7One-way slab

  • One-way slab v/s two-way slab
  • Structural system showing one-way slab (sketch that shows one-way slab action in beam-slab floor system)
  • Structural analysis of one-way slab systems (moment & shear coefficients)
  • Effective span
  • Design of one-way slab (unit width method) (given Mu, compute Ast)
  • Minimum r/f, spacing of rebar, diameter of rebar
  • Shear strength of one-way slab
  • Sketch showing rebar arrangement/detailing

8Two-way slab

  1. Simply support & restraint condition
  2. Span to depth criteria
  3. Moment coefficients
  4. Rebar detailing
  5. Two-way slabs without beams (flat slabs)

9Axially Loaded members

  • Compression member (pedestal, column and wall). Tied columns and helical r/f
  • Effective length of the column (braced & unbraced length)
  • Slender and short columns
  • Possible loadings on column (purely axial, P & M, P with eccentricity)
  • Code provisions for slenderness, min. eccentricity, long. r/f, trans r/f (ties and spiral)
  • Design strength of short column under pure axial load (Design example)
  • Analysis of short column with uniaxial moment (introduction, and eccentricity)

10Compression members: Axial compression and flexure

  • Strain profile for simultaneous uniaxial moment and axial load
  • Interaction curve
  • Various points on the interaction curve
  • Design for moment and axial load (interaction ratio)

11Design of isolated footing

  • Types of footing 
    • Isolated
    • Raft/combined
    • Piles
  • Bearing pressure under footing (due to axial load, axial load + uniaxial moment)
  • Design considerations and code requirements/recommendation
  • Design for shear (one-way and two-way)
  • Design for flexure
  • Rebar detailing

12Modelling session in STAAD Pro.

  • Problem statement (plan of two-storey symmetrical building frame)
  • Modeling in STAAD
    • Support condition of columns
    • Modeling beams and columns
    • Assigning floor loads
  • Analyzing the structure
  • Extracting results/reactions (bending moment and shear) for beams and column
  • Computing rebar requirements for the beams and detailing the rebar
  • Designing column (use SP-36, if not generating P-M interaction curve on your own)


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1Who can take your course?

Graduate Civil engineering students from 3rd year and final year and Post Graduate students from structural engineering. Anyone who has begun working in the structural engineering consultancy firm.

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Expected CTC after the program completion can range between 2.5 to 6LPA. For experienced professionals, you can expect a hike between 10-45%

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